Confinement of breeding sows is one of the most controversial issues in livestock production (1). In the United States, the majority (~70%) of sows are housed in confinement facilities (1,2). The most common housing system for pregnant sows is gestation stalls (2,3). Gestation stalls were developed in the 1960s and gained popularity because they allow for better management and observation of sows with respect to nutrition, health, and disease compared to extensive systems (e.g. pens).
Dr. Elda Dervishi, University of Alberta As we face the increasing size of the human population, it is projected that meat consumption will increase as well. At the same time, consumers are more aware and have increased their interest in traits related to animal welfare and health. By far, most pigs are finishers, kept in groups from 10 to, possibly, 400 or more. In these groups social skills of animals help to reduce stress. Too
Dr. Melissa Moggy, Alberta Farm Animal Care The decision to euthanise on farm is a difficult decision every producer has to make. Euthanising on farm may be necessary when a sick or injured animal is unresponsive to treatment, has a poor chance of recovery, and is unfit for transportation. When not performed correctly, on-farm euthanasia can cause unwanted pain and suffering. Gunshot is one of the most common methods of euthanasia producers perform for production
K.Schwartzkopf-Genswein, D. Melendez, E. Janzen, E.Pajor and S. Marti Producers typically castrate their bull calves anywhere between 1 week and 5 months of age and less commonly between 6 to 9 months of age with the exception of bulls destined for breeding. The most common methods used are band castration that restricts blood flow to the testicles and knife castration that involves immediate removal of the testicles by cutting. We know that both methods cause